Yugoslavia - Kingdom of: Order of the Yugoslav Crown, Grand Cross set by Huguenin Frères, comprising Cross: silver-gilt and enamels, measuring 53.7 x 75mm including suspension, attached to the original full length sash ribbon; Star, in silver-gilt and enamels, pin silver stamped ‘0.925’
Condition: prongs on back of star slightly bent from wear, overall evidence of wear, enamel work generally good with only slight loss to one leaf on wreath, overall Good Very Fine.
The Order was instituted on 5 April 1930 to be awarded to those who gave exceptional service to the Crown, the state and, especially, the unity of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia was created after World War I and known originally as the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, although it also contained Montenegrins, Macedonians, Albanians, Bosniaks and others. Tensions between Croats, who had been under Austro-Hungarian rule, and Serbs who had become independent of Ottoman rule in the 19th Century were evident from the outset, once there was no exterior enemy to unite against. Differences of language, alphabet, religion, economic development and culture that exploded in 1990s were already increasingly evident in 1929 when King Alexander suspended the Constitution, banned political parties and changed the name of the country to Yugoslavia. The name of the Order on this case is in the Latin, rather than the Cyrillic alphabet, suggesting that this example was awarded to a Slovene or Croat. The Order was abolished in 1945.