Germany - Third Reich: Iron Cross 1939 1st Class, wide needle pin, makers marked ’20’ for C. F. Zimmermann of Pforzheim.

Price: £205


Product ID: CMA/21801
Condition: some slight crackling to paintwork, Very Fine
Availability: IN STOCK
Description:

Germany - Third Reich: Iron Cross 1939 1st Class, wide needle pin, makers marked ’20’ for C. F. Zimmermann of Pforzheim.

Condition: some slight crackling to paintwork, Very Fine.

Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian), and continued the tradition of issuing it in various classes. Legally, it is based on the enactment (Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573) of 1st September 1939 Verordnung über die Erneuerung des Eisernen Kreuzes (Regulation for the Re-introduction of the Iron Cross). The Iron Cross of World War II was divided into three main series of decorations with an intermediate category, the Knight’s Cross, instituted between the lowest, the Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. The Knight's Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Merite or "Blue Max". Hitler did not care for the Pour le Mérite, as it was a Prussian order that could be awarded only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight's Cross) was different from the earlier Iron Crosses in that the color red was used in addition to the traditional black and white (black and white were the colors of Prussia, while black, white, and red were the colors of Germany). It is estimated that some four and a half million 2nd Class Iron Crosses were awarded during World War II, and 300,000 of the 1st Class.


Share: