Czechoslovakia: Commemorative Decoration for the Czechoslovak Volunteers of 1918-1919.
Czechoslovakia: Commemorative Decoration for the Czechoslovak Volunteers of 1918-1919. Condition: Good Very Fine. The lands of Czechoslovakia had been part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire since the Battle of the White Mountain in 1620 crushed Bohemian independence. The independence of the Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed in Prague on 28 October 1918 and ratified by the treaties of Saint Germain (Austria) and Trianon (Hungary) that concluded World War I, Austro-Hungarian defeat in World War I having enabled the protagonists of the long-fought battle for independence to triumph with Allied support. Despite ethnic and economic problems and the rise of Nazi Germany, Czechoslovakia remained independent and democratic until the Munich Agreement of September 1938 allowed Germany to dismember it.