​The very fine Great War Western Front Chaplain to the 4th Division’s Military Cross and Mention in Despatches group awarded to the Reverend J.M. Campbell, Chaplain 3rd Class, Army Chaplain’s Department, who led a distinguished career with the Anglican Church, being the Chaplain to Hertford College Oxford from 1909 to 1924, he was appointed Principal of Trinity College in Kandy, Ceylon from 1924 to 1935, and Honorary Canon of Canterbury Cathedral from 1936, being the Chaplain to the King from 1944 to 1952, and Chaplain to the Queen in 1952, bei

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Product ID: CMA/22470
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The very fine Great War Western Front Chaplain to the 4th Division’s Military Cross and Mention in Despatches group awarded to the Reverend J.M. Campbell, Chaplain 3rd Class, Army Chaplain’s Department, who led a distinguished career with the Anglican Church, being the Chaplain to Hertford College Oxford from 1909 to 1924, he was appointed Principal of Trinity College in Kandy, Ceylon from 1924 to 1935, and Honorary Canon of Canterbury Cathedral from 1936, being the Chaplain to the King from 1944 to 1952, and Chaplain to the Queen in 1952, being awarded the Coronation Medal 1953, he was also Chaplain to Church House in Westminster from 1949 to 1953, and was appointed an Honorary Fellow of St Augustine’s College at Canterbury in 1953, before being ultimately appointed Master of Charterhouse in 1954, and the Chaplain to the Speaker from 1955.   

Group of 5: Military Cross, GVR cypher; 1914-1915 Star; (REV. J.M. CAMPBELL. A.C.D.); British War Medal and Victory Medal with Mention in Despatches Oakleaf; (REV. J.M. CAMPBELL); Coronation Medal 1953. Mounted swing style as worn and housed in a Spink & Son case.

Condition: Good Very Fine.
With a copied photograph of the recipient when Master of Charterhouse and Chaplain to the Speaker, the original being held in the National Portrait Gallery collection, having been taken by Elliott & Fry circa early 1950’s, and purchased by the National Portrait Gallery in 1996.

John McLeod Campbell was born in 1885, and was educated at Oxford University at Balliol College, where he gained a 3rd Class Degree in Modern History in 1906, and having opted for the church, undertook his theological training at the Bishop’s Hostel in Farnham in 1907, and on being made a Deacon in 1909, was appointed to serve in the Diocese of Oxford, before gaining his Masters in 1910 and being ordained as a Priest by the Bishop of Reading. Campbell then remained at Oxford as Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Oxford in 1910 to 1911, becoming Chaplain to the Oxford Diocese Lay Readers in 1912 to 1914, and also the Examining Chaplain for the Archbishop of York from 1912 through to 1924, and Chaplain of Hertford College Oxford from 1909 to 1924 where he was responsible for the spiritual life of the undergraduates.

Campbell saw service during the Great War as a Chaplain 4th Class with the Army Chaplain’s Department out on the Western Front from 1st May 1915, being attached to the 4th Division, he was promoted to Chaplain 3rd Class on 2nd June 1916 and then appointed Senior Chaplain of the 4th Division, he saw service through the Battle of the Somme in 1916, and then the Third Battle of Ypres in 1917, being Mentioned in Despatches in the London Gazette for 24th December 1917 and then awarded the Military Cross in the London Gazette for 1st January 1919.

Campbell was then sent east on being appointed Principal of Trinity College in Kandy, Ceylon from 1924 to 1935. On his returning home he was appointed the General Secretary of the Missionary Council of Churches Assembly from 1935, and was appointed the Honorary Canon of Canterbury Cathedral from 1936, and was located at Church House in Westminster. Appointed Chaplain to the King from 1944 to 1952, he was then appointed Chaplain to the Queen in 1952, a key position at the time of her imminent coronation the next year. Campbell was the Chaplain to Church House in Westminster from 1949 to 1953, and was appointed an Honorary Fellow of St Augustine’s College at Canterbury in 1953. Awarded the Coronation Medal 1953 for his role as Chaplain to Her Majesty the Queen, Campbell then found himself appointed Master of Charterhouse in 1954, and was the Chaplain to the Speaker from 1955. Campbell wrote the book ’Bridge Builders - The World-Wide Church in Wartime: A Unified Statement’ in 1942, the book ‘Christian History in the Making’ in 1946, and the book ‘African History in the Making’ in 1956. Campbell died on 26th February 1961.


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