The fine First Afghanistan War Capture of Ghuznee July 1839 and Indian Mutiny Officer’s pair awarded to Lieutenant Colonel Henry Rolland, Honourable East India Company Forces. Commissioned in January 1828, he saw service with the 19th Bombay Native Infantry during the First Afghanistan War of 1837 to 1842, being present on operations at the capture of Ghuznee on 23rd July 1839. Having formed the 27th Bombay Native Infantry in January 1846, he was with his regiment on the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny, but on its having partially mutinied at Kolapore on 31st July 1857, and having then been disarmed, was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on his retirement on 4th December 1857, his regiment being disbanded the following year.
Ghuznee Medal 1839, fitted with modified double ring suspension, rim named in contemporary engraved style; (LIEUT H ROLLAND 19TH: BOMBAY. N.I.); Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-1859, no clasp, named in contemporary engraved style; (MAJOR H. ROLLAND. 27TH.: REGIMENT N.I.)
Condition: ht contact wear, second with suspension refitted, Good Very Fine.
Provenance: ex Dix Noonan Webb, Lot 952, 26th March 2013.
Henry Rolland was appointed to Addiscombe in 1827, and was commissioned into the Honourable East India Company Forces as an Ensign on 5th January 1828, joining the 19th Bombay Native Infantry. Rolland saw service during the First Afghanistan War of 1837 to 1842, being present on operations in 1839.
In 1837, Persian troops, allied to the Russians, occupied the Herat region of Afghanistan. The British, who feared Russian intervention in the area, decided to remove the emir of Afghanistan, Dost Muhammad, and to replace him with a pro-British monarch, Shuja Shah Durrani. Accordingly, an expeditionary force, known as the "Army of the Indus", was formed.
The Bombay Column, under Major General Willshire, was badly plundered on its way through the Kojak Pass, but reached Kandahar on 4th May. The whole force marched off on 27th June, when the 3rd Troop now joined the Shah’s Contingent. Provisions were short and the force was on half rations. On 21st July, the force arrived before Ghuzni, and the artillery, was employed in dislodging the enemy with shrapnel. Two days later on 23rd July 1839, Ghuzni was taken by storm, the Cabul gate being blown in. Rolland was present with his regiment at the capture of Ghuzni.
Promoted to Lieutenant on 8th October 1839, and to Captain on 5th January 1843, on the raising of a new regiment, he transferred across as a Captain to the 27th Bombay Native Infantry on 21st January 1846, and as promoted to Major on 20th June 1854. As such Rolland then saw service during the Indian Mutiny, however his regiment partially mutinied at Kolapore on 31st July 1857, and having been disarmed, was disbanded in the following year, never to be reformed.
For his part, Rolland was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on his retirement on 4th December 1857.