Second World War Burma and post-war Palestine Jewish Revolt group awarded to Lieutenant H.F. Jenks, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, who is believed to have seen service at some stage aboard the destroyer Jupiter prior to his commissioning in July 1943, this vessel having been sunk by a mine during the Battle of the Java Sea on 27th February 1942. Having seen service in relation to the campaign in Burma, most probably on duty aboard a landing craft, Jenks was promoted to Lieutenant in January 1946, and then saw service during the operations on and off the coast of Palestine in the Jewish Revolt.
Group of 4: 1939-1945 Star; Burma Star; War Medal; Naval General Service Medal 1909-1962, GVI 2nd type bust, 1 Clasp: Palestine 1945-48; (LIEUT. H.F. JENKS. R.N.V.R.), mounted swing style as worn.
Condition: Nearly Extremely Fine.
Harold Frank Jenks was born on 11th December 1918 in West Bromwich, Staffordshire, and by the time of the 1939 Register was working as an electrician’s draughtsman, and residing at the Strand Palace Hotel on the Strand in London, he being listed as a visitor at the hotel when the register was taken. With the Second World War, Jenks most probably originally joined the Royal Navy as a rating. A Royal Navy death notice that was published in 2003 states service aboard Jupiter, this must relate to the destroyer by that name which was sunk after it struck a mine on 27th February 1942, as the next Jupiter to see service was not till 1967 by which time Jenks had retired.
Originally a part of the 7th Destroyer Flotilla of the Home Fleet, based on the Humber on the outbreak of the Second World War, on 29th November 1941, Jupiter and the destroyer Encounter detached from the Mediterranean Fleet, and joined up with Force G at Colombo, and the five ships sailed later that day. They rendezvoused with the battlecruiser Repulse at sea, and set course for Singapore, where they arrived on 2nd December. They spent a few days there with shore leave and refit, while waiting for orders. On 1st December, it was announced that Sir Tom Phillips had been promoted to full Admiral, and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Eastern Fleet.
A few days later, Repulse started on a trip to Australia with the destroyers Vampire and Tenedos, but the force was recalled. It was not until nine days later that Tenedos and Repulse would join Phillips' Force Z in attacking the Japanese invasion force, and he himself would perish when both Repulse and the battleship Prince of Wales were bombed and sunk by Japanese land based bombers. During her campaign in the Pacific, Jupiter was commanded by Lieutenant Commander Norman V. J. T. Thew.
Jupiter sank the Japanese submarine I-60 on 17th January 1942. On 27th February 1942 she struck a mine laid earlier in the day by the Dutch minelayer HNLMS Gouden Leeuw as she steamed with the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command cruiser force during the Battle of the Java Sea. The destroyer sank off the north Java coast in the Java Sea at 21:16 hours. Initially, the explosion was thought to have been caused by a Japanese torpedo.
It is doubtful that Jenks was aboard for her sinking, and he may well have seen service in home waters prior to going out to the Far East, nor, would it appear that he saw service with her in the Mediterranean owing to the lack of an Africa Star in his group.
What is known is that Jenks was then commissioned into the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve as a temporary Sub Lieutenant on 25th July 1943, being allotted to the Special Branch. He is known to have been borne on the books of Victory at Portsmouth for a period, but then went out to the Far East and saw service in relation to the campaign in Burma, most probably on duty aboard a landing craft.
As an Acting Lieutenant, Jenks was promoted to Lieutenant with seniority from 25th January 1946, the original date of his acting rank, this being confirmed in the London Gazette for 27th January 1948. Jenks saw service during the operations on and off the coast of Palestine in the Jewish Revolt. Jenks who was the husband of Dorothy Mary Jenks, died on 11th February 2003, he having been latterly living in Shipton Gorge near to Bridport, Dorset.