Russia - Imperial Russia: Medal for the Pacification of Hungary and Transylvania 1849. Silver.

Price: £125.00


Product ID: CMA/26732
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Description:

Russia - Imperial Russia: Medal for the Pacification of Hungary and Transylvania 1849. Silver.

Condition: Good Very Fine.

The medal was established on 22nd January 1850 during the reign of Tsar Nicholas I to commemorated the conclusion of the military operations against the Hungarian insurgents led by Lajos Kossuth and Sandor Petofi.

The eighteen year old Francis Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, was faced in 1848 with a full fledged revolution in Hungary, where long suppressed national aspirations had been awakened by the French Revolution. In April 1848 Hungary broke its ties with the Austrian Empire, proclaiming itself an independent republic under the presidency of Kossuth, the principal figure of the Hungarian revolution.

The Austrian Army was sent to quell the revolution, but was not able to achieve a rapid and decisive victory against the rebels. A potentially dangerous political situation was developing for the Austrian Empire, composed of countries having different cultures, religions and ethnic minorities. It was of paramount importance for Emperor Francis Joseph to cross the rebellion rapidly and ruthlessly in order to keep the Empire united under the Habsburg crown.

The Austrian Emperor took the usual decision to ask for a military intervention by the Russian Army stationed in neighbouring Poland. Emperor Nicholas I accepted immediately the request for help, as he was well aware of the dangerous effect that revolutionary movements could have on Poland as well as on the national minorities in his own country.

He gave orders that the Russian Army stationed in Poland should intervene with utmost speed and determination to serve as a warning to possible revolutionaries.

The Viceroy of Poland, Field Marshal General Ivan Paskevich, was given the task to invade Hungary and Transylvania and suppress the rebellion, which he was able to achieve swiftly. The Hungarian Northern Army under General Arthur von Gorgei surrendered to the Russians on 13th August 1849 at Vilagos (Siria), a town located in Western Transylvania.

The silver medal was awarded to generals, officers, non-commissioned officers and enlisted men as well as to doctors and members of the clergy who had taken active part in the 1848 to 1849 campaign against the rebellion Hungarians.