Great Britain – An exceedingly rare Mark I 1907 Pattern Bayonet with Hooked Quillon with the scabbard with the internal chape. The blade stamped next to the guard ‘ER 1907’ (Edward Rex 1907) / production dated ‘3 ’08’ for March 1908 / and ’EFD’ maker mark for the Royal Arms Factory Enfield. The other side with Enfield inspection marks and proof mark. The pommel clearly regimentally marked ‘W. RID. R.’ for the West Riding Regiment ‘364’ presumably a part of the original owners service number. Complete with the rare Mark 1 Brown Leather Scabbard, with the exceedingly rare internal chape, the leather scabbard with matching date for 1908, and Enfield ‘EFD’ markings, and with the ‘tear drop’ shaped webbing frog stud. A superb example of type and extremely hard to find.
Condition: excellent condition overall, evidence of having been cleaned and then preserved with lacquer to the grip, some signs of age and usage to grip, blade and scabbard, with factory polished blade and field sharpened for service, but reasonably unmarked. The scabbard stitching is all intact, and the fittings are all original, the internal chape having not been tamped with in any way.
The Mark I 1907 Pattern Bayonet with Hooked Quillon was approved for production on 30th January 1908.
To understand the rarity of this bayonet, it is necessary to gain a picture of the production figures: Enfield produced 175,000, whilst Sanderson produced only 22,000. For comparison purposes: by the end of April 1917 production of Mark II bayonets by Sanderson & Newbold, was approximately 1,600,000.
On 29th October 1913, approval was given for the Mark II bayonet. Quillon models were no longer made and any with quillons that were being repaired had the quillon removed before re-issue.
On 12th October 1909, approval was given for the Mark II scabbard fitted with the external chape to be produced. Any Mark I scabbards being repaired were also fitted with external chapes. From 4th February 1915 all bayonets were fitted with blades that were sandblasted, not polished, for the duration of the war.
Hence the survival of a Mark I 1907 Pattern Bayonet with Hooked Quillon by Sanderson, complete with the unmodified original Mark I scabbard with internal chape, and the existence of the matching dates for 1909, is extremely slim, and hence the extreme rarity. This one was issued to a man in the 2nd Battalion, Middlesex Regiment