Germany – Third Reich: An interesting and rare Wehrpass and Document group to Lapland Shield recipient Obejager Max Abermann, 5th Light Infantry Column, Mountain Division Supply Commander 91, 6th Mountain Division RHQ, 143rd Gebirgsjager Regiment, 6th Mountain Division, HQ, 6th Mountain Division, who having initially seen service in the Balkan Campaign of April 1941 went on to see extensive in northern Norway in the Lapland area.
An interesting and rare document group in that it consists of the rare Lapland Shield Award certificate as well as a Wehrpass with a good ID photo of Abermann and an ID Tag.
The Lappland Shield awarded on 21st July 1945 as Oberjager, HQ, 6th Mountain Division. Signed by Remold as Oberst and Divisional Commander.
Remold was awarded the German Cross in Gold on 8.6.1944 as Oberst and Commanding Officer 99th Gebirgsjager Regiment (1st Mountain Division.)
Max Abermann’s Wehrpass issued on 1st June 1939 in Spittal/Drau, containing a good ID photograph of him in civilian clothes, and listing his wartime units, decorations, promotions and locations of service as follows:
3.11.39-24.2.40 – 4 Reserve (MG)/499 Inf. Regt (268 Inf Div.)
24.2.40 – Discharged as a Jager to Lienz – time expired service
17-18.6.1940 – 4 Reserve (MG)/499 Inf Regt (268 Inf Div)
19.6-11.8.40 – 5/Transit Bn/136 Gebirgsjager Replacement Regt (Innsbruck)
12.8-29.8.40 – 4 (MG)/499 Inf Replacment Bn (Bludenz)
1.9.40-22.10.41 – 5 Light Infantry Column/91 (6 Mt Div)
23.10.41 – 15.7.42 – RHQ, 143 Gebirgsjager Regt (6 Mt Div)
16.7.42 – 8.5.45 – HQ 6 Mt Div
17.03.1942 – The Royal Bulgarian Soldiers Cross of Bravery 4th Class
10.08.1942 – The Ostmedaille
10.12.1942 – The War Merit Cross 2nd Class with Swords
21.07.1945 – The Lapland Shield
15.8.1940 – Oberschutze
1.1.1941 – Gefreiter
1.12.1941 – Obergefreiter
1.11.1943 – Oberjager
10.9-5.12.40 – Security at the Channel and Atlantic Coast
17.2-6.3.41 – Demonstration troops in Romania
7.3-5.4.41 – Entry into Bulgaria
6.4.-30.4.41 – Campaign in Greece (penetration of the Metaxos Line, capture of Salonika, the Aliakmon, Olympus, Thessalonica, Thermopylai and Thebes)
1.5.-12.8.41 – Security in Greece
1.9.41-14.1.42 – Defence at the Liza (North Finland)
15.1.42-2.9.44 – North Finland – defence and position battles
3.9-27.11.44 – Withdrawal to Norway
28.11.44-8.5.45 – Defence of Norway (returned home in October 1945)
Two part metal ID Tag impressed ‘4.Inf.Ers.Batl.499 – 270).
Max Abermann was born on 8th August 1910 in Villach/Carinthia. Pre-war he is noted as a businessman. He was single and lived in Lienz/East Tyrol. His father, Rudolf Abermann had died in 1941 and so his next of kin is listed as his mother, Stephanie Abermann.
Initially Abermann saw served with the 499th Infantry Regiment, (268th Infantry Division) from 3.11.1939 until 24.2.1940 when he was discharged from the Army as time expired.
Abermann was quickly recalled to the service on 17th June 1940, initially seeing service on security duty on the Channel Coast, before moving to Romania in February 1941 as part of a unit of demonstration troops in Romania. In March and April 1941 his unit moved to Bulgaria, where it remained until 6th April when it took part in the Campaign in Greece. At the cessation of hostilities Abermann’s unit remained as part of the occupation force on security duties in Greece until mid-August when it was moved to Northern Finland.
Abermann’s unit would go on to see out the remainder of the war in northern Finland and Norway seeing fighting outside Murmansk, the strategic Soviet port that was the doorway for over a quarter of Russian lend-lease material from the UK and the USA. The German Army and its allies failed to take the port due to a dogged Red Army defence which allowed Tanks, Aircraft and other key assets to continue to flood into the Soviet Union particularly during the winter of 1941-42 when production was low due to the relocation of Soviet industry east to the Urals.
In late 1944, the German Army pulled out of Finland as that country surrendered to the Red Army, it saw out the remainder of the war in the mountain passes of the far north, preventing the Red Army from invading northern Norway. The Lapland Shield was the last officially issued German decoration of the war, and is the only one that continued to be awarded after the cessation of hostilities at the end of the war, the certificate is thus scarce.