Aden Emergency, Radfan and South Arabia operations long service pair awarded to Corporal P.J.J. Mulrooney, Royal Marines, who received his long service medal in August 1962, and was present with 45 Commando during its period in Aden between 1960 and 1967. During the period of the Aden Emergency from 1964 to 1967, 45 Commando conducted 10 operational tours in the Radfan mountains, and in January 1964 were also sent to Tanzania to quell the mutiny of the Tanzanian army. Mulrooney may well also have been present when the Commando deployed briefly to Kuwait in 1961 following an Iraqi threat to her independence. Mulrooney’s selection of personal photographs of his time on operations provide a unique insight into these operations from the perspective of bootneck on the ground.
Campaign Service Medal 1962, 2 Clasps: Radfan, South Arabia; (RM.10677 P.J.J. MULROONEY. CPL. R.M.); Royal Navy Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, EIIR Dei.Grat. bust; (RM.10677 CPL. P.J.J. MULROONEY. R.M.)
Condition: Good Very Fine.
Together with the most set of 46 original photographs all but one relating to the recipient’s time on active service in the Radfan and Aden whilst on operations with the Royal Marines circa 1964. a number of the images are of the recipient whilst on service, with a large number of images showing the mountainous terrain through which they operated, including defensive sangers built. Some images related to time spent aboard a commando carrier, this being Bulwark, which was used to ferry elements of 45 Commando to suppress the mutiny of the Tanzanian army in January 1964. Some images are of scout helicopters and Westland Whirlwind’s which they operated in. It is rare to find an archive of photographs that give a glimpse of the operations at this period taken from the perspective of someone service on the ground.
Patrick J.J. Mulrooney, was serving as a Corporal (No.RM.10677) with the Royal Marines in 45 Commando when he was awarded the Royal Navy Long Service and Good Conduct Medal on 10th August 1962. Mulrooney then saw service with 45 Commando during the operations in the Radfan mountains in the north of Aden in the period from 25th April to 31st July 1964, being also present with 45 Commando in Aden during the South Arabia operations in the period from 1st August 1964 onwards. Mulrooney’s photographs of his time on operations provide a unique insight into these operations from the perspective of bootneck on the ground.
Between 1960 and 1967, 45 Commando was based in Aden, from where it conducted 10 operational tours in the Radfan during the Aden Emergency. The Commando unit also deployed briefly to Kuwait following an Iraqi threat to her Independence in 1961.
In January 1964, part of the Tanzanian Army mutinied. Within 24 hours elements of 45 Commando had left Bickleigh Camp, Plymouth, Devon, and were travelling by air to Nairobi, Kenya, continuing by road into Tanzania. At the same time, Commandos aboard HMS Bulwark sailed to East Africa and anchored off-shore from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The revolt was put down and the next six months were spent in touring Tanzanian military out-posts disarming military personnel. The last elements of the Commando left Aden on 29th November 1967 to return to the UK for the first time since the end of the Second World War. Both clasps for Radfan and South Arabia are confirmed on the medal roll.